Prof. Rhodes Makundi

Prof. Rhodes Makundi

Head of Pest Biology and Ecological Studies 
Sokoine University of Agriculture – Pest Management Center

Address

Sokoine University of Agriculture 
Pest Management Center 
P.O. Box 3110 
Morogoro, Tanzania. 

Contact Information

Phone: n/a 
Email: n/a 

Professor Rhodes H. Makundi was born on 24th October 1954 in Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania. He had his undergraduate studies at the University of Dar es Salaam where he obtained a Bachelor of Science in Zoology, Botany, and Education in 1979. He joined the Faculty of Agriculture at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne (UK) in 1981 and graduated with a Masters degree in Applied Entomology in 1983.

In 1992 he joined the University of Newcastle (UK) for a Ph.D. graduating in 1996. He worked for the Ministry of Agriculture (Tanzania) as a Research Officer from 1980 to 1987. He has been employed by Sokoine University of Agriculture since 1987, with the current position of Research Professor. His main research interests are pest ecology and pest management technologies.

In the last 20 years, he has conducted intensive research on rodents focusing on their zoo-geographical distribution, ecology, disease transmission, and ecologically-based rodent pest management. He has published more than 130 articles being papers in international peer-reviewed journals and book chapters.

Academic Qualifications

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Other Training

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Projects

  • Capacity building in rodent research: Ecology, biodiversity and taxonomy of the rodent fauna of Tanzania. Funded by the Belgian Government through the SUA VLIR Programme (1998 – 2007).
  • STAPLERAT Project: Protecting staple crops in eastern Africa: integrated approaches for ecologically based field rodent pest management. INCO-DC contract number ICA4-CT-2000-30029 (European Union Funded) (2000 – 2003).
  • FOCAL-PANTIL Project: “Development of improved storage strategies, dissemination and integration with indigenous knowledge/practices to reduce post-harvest losses of cereals and pulses due to pests” (Funded by The FOCAL/PANTIL Programme, SUA (2003 – 2007).
  • Research Initiative Programme Project: Spatial and temporal prevalence of rodent-borne zoonotic diseases affecting public health in the Rift Valley in Tanzania (Funded by the Belgian Government through the IUC-RIP programme) (2008 – 2012).
  • StopRats: Sustainable Technology to Overcome Pest Rodents in Africa Through Science (Funded by EU-ACP Science and Technology Programme) (2014 – 2017).
  • Rodent Outbreak Management to Improve Livelihoods of African Farmers (Funded by Agriculture Technology Innovation and Transfer/DFID – United Kingdom) (2014 – 2016).
  • New Research Project Applied for: IMPROVE COMPETITIVENESS AND INCREASE POST-HARVEST VALUE CHAIN OF SMALLHOLDERS FARMERS IN TANZANIA (European Union) – 2016.
  • AFRICAN CENTER OF EXCELLENCE IN INNOVATIVE RODENT PEST MANAGEMENT AND BIOSENSOR TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT (World Bank) MANAGEMENT – 2016.

None

Journal Articles and Book Chapters

Journal articles

  • Makundi, R.H. (1983). Rodent Pest Problems and Control strategies in Tanzania. Tanzania Veterinary Bulletin 5 (2): 27 – 29.
  • Makundi, R.H. (1984). Storage Structures, Storage Techniques and Possible Improvement for Better Control of Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera : Bostrichidae). African Journal of Plant Protection 3 (2): 112 – 120.
  • Makundi, R.H. (1986). The Toxicity of Deltamethrin and Cyfluthrin to the Larger Grain Borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera : Bostrichidae). International Pest Control 28 (3): 79 – 81.
  • Makundi, R.H. (1987). The spread of Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) in Africa and Measures for its Control. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin 35 (4): 121 – 126.
  • Makundi, R.H. (1989). Preliminary observations on the effect of pyrethrins on Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae). Pyrethrum Post 17 (3): 95 – 97.
  • Makundi, R.H. and Kilonzo, B.S. (1990). Activity of synergized pyrethrins against fleas: Xenopyslla brasiliensis, Xenopsylla cheopis and Ctenocephalides felis (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) in the laboratory. Pyrethrum Post 18(1): 3-6.
  • Makundi, R.H. (1991). Effectiveness of cyfluthrin dust for control and protection of shelled maize against infestation by Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) in Tanzania. International Journal of Pest Management 37(3): 218 – 220.
  • Makundi, R.H., Mbise, T.J. and Kilonzo, B.S. (1991). Observations on the role of rodents in crop losses in Tanzania and control strategies. Beitrage zur Tropischen Landwirtschaft und Veterinarmedizin (Journal of Tropical Agriculture and Veterinary Science) 29(4): 465 – 474.
  • Kilonzo, B.S., Makundi, R.H. and Mbise, T.J. (1992). A decade of plague epidemiology and control in the Western Usambara Mountains, north-east Tanzania. Acta Tropica 50: 323 – 329.
  • Kilonzo, B.S., Mbise T.J. and Makundi, R.H. (1992). Plague in Lushoto district, Tanzania, 1980 – 1988. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 86: 444 – 445.

Books and Book Chapters

  • Makundi R.H. (Ed). 2006. Management of Selected crop pests in Tanzania. Tanzania Publishing House, Dar es Salaam. Tanzania. 487 p. ISBN 9976-1-0210-0
  • Makundi, R.H, Oguge, N.O. and Mwanjabe, P.S. (1999) Rodent Pest Management in East Africa – An Ecological Approach. Pp. 460 – 476. In: Singleton, G., Hinds, L. Leirs, H., and Zhang, Z. (eds). Ecologically-based Rodent Management. Australian Center For International Agricultural Research, Canberra, Australia (ISBN 1863202625), 494 p
  • Makundi R.H. 2006. Challenges in Pest Management in Agriculture: African and Global Perspectives. pp. 1 – 18. In: Makundi R.H. (Ed.) 2006. Management of Selected Crop Pests in Tanzania. Tanzania Publishing House Ltd., Dar es Salaam. (ISBN 9976 1 0210 0). 487 p.
  • R.H. Makundi, F.P. Mrosso and A.W. Massawe 2006. Sorghum: The Crop, the Pests and Their Management – pp. 33 –47. In: Makundi R.H. (Ed.) 2006. Management of Selected Crop Pests in Tanzania. Tanzania Publishing House Ltd., Dar es Salaam. (ISBN 9976 1 0210 0). 487 p.
  • Mrosso, F.P. and Makundi R.H. 2006. Field Pests of Maize and their Management- pp. 48 – 65. In: Makundi R.H. (Ed.) 2006. Management of Selected Crop Pests in Tanzania. Tanzania Publishing House Ltd., Dar es Salaam. (ISBN 9976 1 0210 0). 487 p.
  • MakundiR.H., A.W. Massawe and H.S. Laswai 2006. Storage and Protection of Durable Food Crops and Their Products in Tanzania – pp 186 – 205. In: Makundi R.H. (Ed.) 2006. Management of Selected Crop Pests in Tanzania. Tanzania Publishing House Ltd., Dar es Salaam. (487 p).
  • Makundi, R.H., B.E.M.A. Uronu and W. Mbise 2006. Biology, Ecology and Management of Infestations of the Larger Grain Borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn), in Tanzania – pp 206 – 220. In: Makundi R.H. (Ed.) 2006. Management of Selected Crop Pests in Tanzania. Tanzania Publishing House Ltd., Dar es Salaam. (ISBN 9976 1 0210 0). 487 p.
  • Makundi, R.H., A.W. Massawe, L.S. Mulungu 2006. Ecological Considerations for Management of Rodent Pests in Tanzania – 221 – 236. In: Makundi R.H. (Ed.) 2006. Management of Selected Crop Pests in Tanzania. Tanzania Publishing House Ltd., Dar es Salaam. (ISBN 9976 1 0210 0). 487 p.
  • A.W. Massawe, R.H. Makundi, V. Ngowo and L.S. Mulungu 2006. Vertebrate Pests and Their Management: A General Overview – pp 237 – 248. In: Makundi R.H. (Ed.) 2006. Management of Selected Crop Pests in Tanzania. Tanzania Publishing House Ltd., Dar es Salaam. (ISBN 9976 1 0210 0). 487 p.
  • Mulungu, L. S., Makundi, R. H. & Massawe, A. W. 2006. Characteristics of rodent damage to major crops in Tanzania and crop loss assessment techniques – pp 249 – 268. In: Makundi R.H. (Ed.) 2006. Management of Selected Crop Pests in Tanzania. Tanzania Publishing House Ltd., Dar es Salaam. (ISBN 9976 1 0210 0). 487 p.
  • Leirs Herwig, Sluydts Vincent, Makundi Rhodes 2010. Rodent outbreaks in sub-Saharan Africa. Pp 269-280. In Singleton G.R., Belmain, S.R., Brown, P.R. and Hardy, B. (Eds). Rodent Outbreaks: Ecology and Impacts. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Philippines. 289 p. ISBN978-971-22-0257-5

Manuscripts

  • Paolo Colangelo, Herwig Leirs, Rhodes H. Makundi, Margo D'aes, Nicholas O. Oguge, Erik Verheyen. Skull shape variation in the genus Mastomys (Rodentia, murinae): influence of ecogeographic and allometric variation. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary

Other Research Papers & writings

  • Makundi R.H. (2009) The Mysteries of the Rats. Sokoine University of Agriculture, 25th November 2009. 49p.
  • Leirs, H., Hoofd, H. Verheyen, W., Kilonzo, B.S., Makundi, R.H., Verhagen, R., Lloyd, G. and Van der Groen G. (1988). Is Lassa or Lassa Related Virus Present in Rodents in Tanzania. Proceedings of the XIIth International Congress for Tropical Medicine and Malaria. Excerpta Medica (Ed Kager & Polderman) TUP – 10 – 1. pg. 163.
  • Kilonzo, B.S., Mbise T.J., and Makundi, R.H. (1989). Serological, Entomological and Clinical Observations of Plague in Lushoto District, Tanzania From 1980 – 1988. pp. 305 – 310. Proceedings of the 10th Annual Medical and Scientific Conference of KEMRI/KETRI (Nairobi). February 1989. Ed. Kinoti, S.N.; Omuse, J.K. and Kofi-Tsepa, W.M.
  • Makundi R.H. and Wilkins, R.M. (1999) Life table and demography of Rhizopertha dominica (Fab.) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) on kernels of sorghum pp. 14 – 29. In: Makundi, R.H. and Mkenda, J.E. (Eds.) Ecologically Sound Pest Management System for Sustainable Agriculture and Public Health. Proc. of the 3rd Scientific Confer. of the Tanzania Entomological Association, Zanzibar. 9th -11th Sept. 1997. Tanzania Entomological Association (1999). 127 pp.
  • Makundi R.H. (1999) Insect pest management in agriculture: Challenges and future prospects in Africa. Pp 4-9 In: Makundi R.H. (Ed.) Challenges of Entomology in Africa in the 21st Century. Proc. of the 4th Scientific Confer. of the Tanzania Entomological Association, Arusha, Tanzania. 28th -30th Sept. 1999. 128 pp..
  • Banwo, O.O., Makundi, R.H., Abdallah, R.S. and Mpapila, J.C. (2000) Vector transmisssion of rice yellow mottle virus in Tanzania. First Regional Rice Review Meeting. 10 -14 April, 2000. WARDA, Bouake, Cote d'Ivoire.
  • Makundi, R.H., Kalinin, A., Przetakiwewicz, A. and Seung J. Ahn (2000). Influence of land use on tenebrionid beetle diversity. Proceedings of the Third International MARSHAV course on conservation of Biodiversity in Desert Ecosystems. June 2000. Sede Boqer, University of Ben Gurion, Israel. Pg 97-107.
  • Makundi, R.H. (2001) Recent advances in studies of the ecology of Mastomys natalensis (Rodentia: Muridae) in Tanzania. Proceedings of the 8th International Theriological Congress, Sun City, South Africa.12 –17 August 2001. pg 92 (Abstract no. 220).
  • Capanna, E., R. Castiglia, Colangelo, R., M. Corti, A. Scanzani, C.Fadda, W.Verheyen, R. Machangu, R. Makundi and P.Tesha (2001) Cytotazonomy of Tanzanian rodents. Proceedings of the 8th International Theriological Congress, Sun City, South Africa.12 –17 August 2001. pg 44 (Abstract no. 60)
  • Banwo, O.O., Winter, S., Koerbler, M., Abdullah, I., Abdallah, R.S. and Makundi, R.H. (2002) Molecular characterization of rice yellow mottle virus isolates from Tanzania. Proceedings of Plant Virus Epidemiology Meeting, Aschersleben, Germany, 12-17 May 2002.
  • R.H. Makundi and R. Magoma (2003) The impact of pests and diseases on food security in Tanzania. In: Towards Food Security. Pp 13-20. Proceedings of the Second Collaborative Research Workshop on Food Security, Morogoro. 28-30 May 2003.
  • Makundi, R.H. , Massawe, A.W. and Mulungu, L.S. 2004. Breeding seasonality and population dynamics of three rodent species (Lophuromys flavopunctatus, Grammomys dolichurus and Praomys delectorum) in the Magamba Forest Reserve in the Western Usambara Mountains, north-east Tanzania. Proceedings of the XIXth International Congress of Zoology, August 23-27, 2004. Beijing China. Pp 159.
  • Massawe, A.W., Rwamugira, W., Leirs, H. Makundi, R.H. and Mulungu, L.S. 2004. Do farming practices influence population dynamics of rodents? A case study of the multimammate field rats, Mastomys natalensis, in Tanzania. Proceedings of the XIXth International Congress of Zoology, August 23-27, 2004. Beijing China. Pp 158.
  • Mulungu, L.S., Makundi, R.H., Massawe, A.W.and Leirs, H. (2005). Sampling intensity and precision for estimating rat damage using systematic row sampling technique in maize fields in Tanzania. A paper presented in the IX International Mammalogical Congress, July 31-August 5, 2005. Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.
  • Makundi R.H. , Apia W. Massawe and Loth S. Mulungu (2005). Reproduction and population fluctuations of Mastomys natalensis, an invasive rodent pest species in the Western Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. A paper presented in the IX International Mammalogical Congress, July 31-August 5, 2005. Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.
  • Makundi R.H. 2006. Plague epidemiology in Tanzania. In: The Interregional Meeting on prevention and control of Plague. Antananarivo, Madagascar, 7-11 April 2006. WHO, Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Makundi, R.H., Misangu, R.N., Reuben, S.O.W.M., Kilonzo, B.S., Mwatawala, M., Sikira, A., Lyimo, H. and Maumba, M. (2007). Reduction of crop losses through improved storage for food security at village level in Tanzania. In: Kinabo, L.D.B. and Abeli, W.S. (2007). Transforming Livelihoods of Small Scale Farmers: Contribution of Agricultural and Natural Resources Research. Proceedings of the First Annual PANTIL Research Workshop, 25-27 September 2006, Morogoro. Pp 174-179.
  • Makundi, R.H., N. Swila, R.N. Misangu, S.O.W.M. Reuben, M. Mwatawala, A. Sikira, B.S. Kilonzo and H. Lyimo. 2007. Dynamics of infestation of stored maize by the larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncatus and weevils, Sitophilus zeamais. In: Poverty Reduction: The role of Agricultural and Natural Resources Research. Proceedings of the Second Annual PANTIL Research Workshop, Morogoro 15-17 October 2007. Pp. 174-182.
  • Makundi R.H. 2010. Ecologically-based rodent management in Africa: Potential and Challenges. Plenary Lecture. 4th International Conference on Rodent Biology and Management, Bloemfontein, South Africa. 12-18th April, 2010.

Extension Materials

  • Makundi R.H., Misangu, R.N., Reuben, S.O.W.M., Kilonzo, B.S., Ishengoma, C.G., Lyimo, H., and Mwatawala, M. 2005. Uboreshaji wa vihenge, hifadhi bora na udhibiti wa viumbe waharibifu wa mazao ghalani. Chapisho namba FOCAL 4 – 2005.

Supervision of undergraduate and postgraduate students

  • Kuruthumu Mamwende – PhD Research Title: Assessing the impacts of habitat fragmentation on the patterns of crop raiding by baboons and mangabeys, and potential parasite and microorganism transmission between humans and non-human primates in Tanzania.
  • Christopher Sabuni. Population ecology of Rhynchocyon petersi and Beamys hindei in selected coastal forests in and around Saadani National Park, Tanzania.
  • Msyani Edward Title of Research: A comparative study of the population ecology of small mammals in areas with and without human activities in Kilimanjaro National Park – Tanzania.
  • Kweka, E. Title of Research Project: Integrated control of Anopheles arabiensis for malaria management in northern Tanzania (registered with Open University of Tanzania
  • Mwatawala, Maulid. Title of Research Project: Host range, population dynamics and damage of fruits by fruit flies in Morogoro Region, Tanzania.
  • Richard O. Odhiambo. Title of thesis: Community structure and diet preference of rodent pests of maize (Zea mais L.) in central and southwestern Tanzania.
  • Mulungu, L.S. Title of thesis: Assessment of maize (Zea mais L.) damage and yield loss due to the multi-mammate rats, Mastomys natalensis (Smith, 1834) in the field.
  • Banwo, O. O. Title of thesis: Vector identification, bionomics and molecular characterization of rice yellow mottle virus in Tanzania.
  • Banwo, O. O. Title of thesis: Vector identification, bionomics and molecular characterization of rice yellow mottle virus in Tanzania.
  • Banwo, O. O. Title of thesis: Vector identification, bionomics and molecular characterization of rice yellow mottle virus in Tanzania.
  • Aenea Saanya. Title: species diversity and abundance of of rodents and shrews in different habitats and seasons in the Northern sector of Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania.
  • Kongola E. Title: Movements and home range of rodents in domestic and peridomestic areas in Berega village, Morogoro, Tanzania.
  • Muhidin Mabula Title: Host range and population dynamics of cotton strainers, Dysdercus spp. in Kilosa District, Tanzania.
  • Mziray, Henry, A. Title: Incidence, host utilization and seasonality of Solanum fruit fly, Bactocera latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Morogoro, Tanzania.
  • Magina, F. Title: Spatial distribution and temporal abundance variation of three important insect pests of coffee in Kilimanjaro region, Tanzania.
  • Fivawo Bernadette: Title: Efficacy of some botanical insecticides against common bean bruchids (Zabrotes subfasciatus Boh and Acanthoscelides obtectus Say).
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  • Sabuni C.S. Title: Species composition and diversity of small mammals in the Saadani National Park, Tanzania.
  • Swila Ntuli. Title: Dynamics of infestation of maize by the Larger Grain Borer, Prostephanus truncatus and maize weevils, Sitophilus zeamais in single and mixed populations.
  • Nassoro Abdulla.: Title: Species and distribution of egg parasitoids of maize stem borers in Morogoro and Coast regions in Tanzania.
  • Mgoo, Victor.: Title of dissertation: Maize yield losses attributed to the Stem Borer Chilo partelus (Swinhoe)(Lepidoptera: Cerambidae) in Eastern agro-ecological zone of Tanzania.
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  • Mrosso, F.P.: Title of Dissertation: Reproduction and population dynamics of Arvicanthis niloticus (Desmarest 1822) in Kilosa District, Tanzania.
  • Haule, John Bosco.: Title of Dissertation: The effect of extracts of neem seed on survival and infestation of Thrips tabaci on onions.
  • Sariah, J.E.: Title of Dissertation: Influence of sowing time of Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) on level of infestation and parasitism of the bean stem maggot (Ophiomyia spp.).
  • Mwinyi, W.A.: Title of Dissertation: Control of Cashew sucking bugs (Helopeltis anacardii, H. schoutedeni and Pseudotheraptus wayi by manipulating weaver ants, Oecophylla longinoda, populations in cashew nut trees.
  • Kamwela, D.S.: Title of Dissertation: The response of the larger grain borer (Prostephanus truncatus) (Horn) to varietal resistance in maize.
  • Sophia Shaban Kashenge: Title of Dissertation: Comparative efficacy of Neem (Azadirachta indica) and Amitraz (Mitac) against the two spotted spider mites (T. urticae) on tomatoes (Lycospercum esculatum).
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  • Nyabilisi Maliyatabu Ng'homa: Title of Dissertation: Effectiveness of four botanical extracts for control of American Bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera) (Hubner) and cotton aphids (Aphis gossypii) (Glover) on cotton in Mwanza region.
  • Mwatawala Maulid: Title of dissertation: Development of a computer data base for integrated pest management in selected crops for use in Tanzania.
  • Lugeimamu Amon. (BSc Agriculture). Title: Assessment of invertebrates diversity in cultivated and non cultivated areas at SUA.
  • 2001: Kessy, Radegunda, F.I. (BSc. Agriculture General). Title: The efficacy of paddy husk ash against the larger grain borer (Prostephanus truncatus) and maize weevils (Sitophilus zeamais) in maize grains.
  • 2000: Anna Samwel (BSc. Agriculture General) Title: Effect of Tephrosia vogelli on feed intake and body weight of white mice.
  • 1997: Fatuma Mohamed (BSc. Food Science and Technology) Title: The Effect of Neem Seed Powder incorporated in Feed on the Larvae of the Silkworm, Bombyx mori.

Reviewer of papers in the following international Journals

  • African Journal of Ecology (UK)
  • Wildlife Research (Australia)
  • Belgian Journal of Zoology (Belgium)
  • Crop Protection (UK)
  • African Zoology (South Africa)
  • International Journal of Pest Management (UK)
  • Integrative Zoology (China)
  • Tanzania Journal of Health Research

External examiner & Editorial services

  • University of Dar es Salaam
  • Open University of Tanzania
  • Kenyatta University (Kenya)
  • University of Swaziland (Swaziland)
  • University of Pretoria (South Africa)
  • University of Antwerp (Belgium)
  • Nelson Mandela African Institute of Science and Technology (Tanzania)
  • Guest Editor – Tropical Pest Management Bulletin
  • Chief Editor – Tanzania Entomological Association Proceedings
  • Guest Editor – Belgian Journal of Zoology